Dachshunds were originally bred for hunting under the ground, especially on
foxes and badgers. Because these animals are bigger than the dachshund itself,
the dachshund must (if he wants to survive when it comes to a confrontation)
have at its disposal a brave and independent character. After all the hunter is
not able to help him when he is under the ground and out of sight.
Temperament & Character
These days the dachshunds still have these character qualities. Therefore one
should not expect exceptional obedience form this breed. But it is possible to
train a dachshund to be obedient, only is takes a little bit longer and one has
to stay very consistent. Dachshunds like to be the boss; give them an inch and
they will take a mile.
A dachshund is lively and affectionate, proud and bold. Dachshunds are also
curious, mischievous, very clever and may attempt to train the owner rather than
allow the opposite. The dachshund is a cheerful dog and well into their senior
years are very playful. They are also very watchful, like to bark (their barks
are surprisingly loud for their size) and are compulsive diggers.
Dachshunds are excellent housedogs, they like to be part of a family and are
VERY devoted, loyal pets. They are best with older, considerate children.
Sometimes they will refuse to be handled and all children should be taught the
warning signs of a dog. Dachshunds are good dogs to travel with. They are
generally okay with other pets, however, they can be jealous, irritable, and
very quick to bite (if necessary). Against other dogs in the household they are
Dachshunds are low to the ground, long in body and short of leg. They have
robust muscular development and their skin is elastic and pliable without
excessive wrinkling. The Dachshund is well-balanced with bold and confident head
carriage and intelligent, alert facial expression. Their hunting spirit, good
nose, loud tongue and distinctive build make them well-suited for beating the
bushes and clearing your yard of any varmints. As the Dachshund is a hunting
dog, scars from honorable (and dishonorable) wounds are a common occurrence,
especially in rescued dachshunds that were found stray.
The Dachshund is bred and shown in two sizes, standard and miniature, miniatures
are not a separate classification but compete in a class division for "11 pounds
and under at 12 months of age and older." Weight of the standard size is usually
between 16 and 32 pounds. Dachshunds between 12 lbs and 16 lbs are
affectionately called "tweenies" in rescue organizations.
The dachshund is also bred and shown in three coat types: smooth, wire and long
hair. The most original dachshund is the SMOOTH-HAIRED dachshund. Therefore
these dogs have the most characteristic qualities of all dachshunds. Usually
they are wary of strangers and very devoted to their boss. They can follow the
boss through the house all day. The WIRE-HAIRED dachshund arose by breeding
smooth-haired dachshunds with different kind of terriers. That is why you find
many dachshunds in this breed with a lot of hunting passion. Often they are more
fierce in character being very outgoing and almost clown-like. The LONG-HAIRED
dachshund arose from the breeding of the smooth-haired dachshund and the Spaniel
and the Irish Setter. In general these dogs are more kind-hearted and react more
friendly to strangers.